Agaricales » Agaricaceae


Clitopaxillus G. Moreno, Vizzini, Consiglio & P. Alvarado, in Alvarado et al., Fungal Diversity. 90:109-133 (2018)

Etymology: from Clitocybe and Paxillus, the genera where C. alexandri was previously classified.

Diagnosis: basidiomes large-sized, clitocyboid, fleshy, with convex to flattened brownish pileus lacking umbo, glabrous pileipellis, not hygrophanous. Lamellae deeply decurrent. Spores slightly amyloid, ovoid. Saprobic, on litter. Clamp connections present at least on hymenophoral hyphae and mycelium. Northern Hemisphere, Europe and North Africa.

Index Fungorum number: IF823303

Type species: Clitopaxillus alexandri (Gillet) G. Moreno, Vizzini, Consiglio & P. Alvarado, in Alvarado et al., Fungal Diversity. 90:109-133 (2018)

Notes: Species of Clitopaxillus were previously considered members of Clitocybe section Disciformes (Fr.) Quél., along with C. harperi (Singer 1986; Bon 1991). Another remarkable member of this section is C. nebularis, currently retained as the most suitable lectotype species of Clitocybe (for discussion see Redhead et al. 2002), which lacks a central umbo and loop-like clamp connections, and has cyanophilous, non-amyloid and rough spores, and which belongs phylogenetically to the Clitocybeae clade (Matheny et al. 2006).



Clitopaxillus alexandri (Gillet) G. Moreno, Vizzini, Consiglio & P. Alvarado 2018

Clitopaxillus fibulatus P.-A. Moreau, Dima, Consiglio & Vizzini 2018



Alvarado, P; Moreau, P.A; Dima, B; Vizzini, A; Consiglio, G; Moreno, G; Setti, L; Kekki, T; Huhtinen, S; Liimatainen, K; Niskanen, T. 2018. Pseudoclitocybaceae fam. nov. (Agaricales, Tricholomatineae), a new arrangement at family, genus and species level. Fungal Diversity. 90:109-133

Bon M (1991) Tricholomataceae (1re partie). (Tricholomoideae et Leucopaxilloideae). Genres:Tricholoma, Tricholomopsis, Callistosporium, Porpoloma, Floccularia, Leucopaxillus et Melanoleuca. Flore Mycologique dEurope no 2. DocMycol Mém Hors Sér 2:1163

Matheny PB, Curtis JM, Hofstetter V, Aime MC, Moncalvo J-M, Ge Z-W, Yang Z-L, Slot JC, Ammirati JF, Baroni TJ et al (2006) Major clades of Agaricales: a multilocus phylogenetic overview. Mycologia 98(6):982995

Redhead SA, Lutzoni F, Moncalvo JM, Vilgalys R (2002) Phylogeny of agarics: partial systematics solutions for core omphalinoid genera in the Agaricales (euagarics). Mycotaxon 83:1957

Singer R (1986) The agaricales in modern taxonomy. Koenigstein


About Basidiomycota

The webpage Basidiomycota provides an up-to-date classification and account of all genera of the phylum Basidiomycota.


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