Polyporales » Phanerochaetaceae


Oxychaete Miettinen 2016, in Miettinen, et al., MycoKeys 17, 1-46 (2016)

Etymology: Constructed from Oxyporus and Phanerochaete, but can be interpreted as bearing sharp setae

Diagnosis: Effused-reflexed polypores with yellow-brown colors, light cardboardlike consistency and large, shallow pores. Monomitic, simple-septate, with slightly thick-walled hyphae and abundant subulate, naked, thick-walled cystidia of subhymenial origin. Hymenial branching corymb-like. Spores curved cylindrical, large (68×33.5 μm).

Index Fungorum NumberIF811534

Type species: Oxychaete cervinogilva (Jungh.) Miettinen 2016, in Miettinen, et al., MycoKeys 17, 1-46 (2016)

Notes: Other hydnoid and poroid genera with simple-septate hyphae and encrusted, thick-walled cystidia include Australohydnum, Phlebiopsis, Flavodon and Irpex. The latter two are phylogenetically distantly related to Oxychaete, and they possess dimitic hyphal structure quite different from the loose monomitic structure of Oxychaete. Phlebiopsis is phylogenetically distinct from Oxychaete, and its hyphal structure is more compact, even agglutinated (basal layer). Hyphae are also winding and covered with abundant brownish encrustation, which is lacking in Oxychaete. Cystidia are tramal in origin (as opposed to hymenial in Oxychaete). Due to the hyphal structure the basidiocarp is tougher and not board-like when cut as in Oxychaete. Australohydnum is a more difficult case to decide on since there are no good references on the microscopic characters of the type species, Hydnum griseofuscescens Reichardt from Australia. Descriptions vary so much that it is possible that many species and even genera have been recognized as Australohydnum dregeanum (Berk.) Hjortstam & Ryvarden and its supposed synonyms (Jülich 1978, Hjortstam & Ryvarden 1989, Gilbertson & Adaskaveg 1993, Melo & Hjortstam 2002, Zmitrovich et al. 2006). Sometimes the structure is monomitic, sometimes dimitic; cystidia may be subulate or obtuse; basidiocarps may be resupinate with smooth hymenophore or hydnoid with caps. Reid (1955, 1963) refers directly to Australian material and the type, and provides an illustration (under Irpex vellereus). His A. griseofuscescens is a pileate, hydnoid species with violaceous brownish basidiocarps, very thick-walled, simple-septate hyphae 49 μm.


Oxychaete cervinogilva (Jungh.) Miettinen 2016


Gilbertson, R.L., & Adaskaveg, J.E, (1993). Studies on wood-rotting basidiomycetes of Hawaii. Mycotaxon 49, 369397.

Hjortstam, K., & Ryvarden, L. (1989). Lopharia and Porostereum (Basidiomycotina). Synopsis Fungorum 4, 168.

Jülich, W. (1978). Studies in resuipnate basidiomycetes V. Persoonia 10, 137140.

Melo, I., & Hjortstam, K. (2002). Australohydnum dregeanum (Basidiomycetes, Stereaceae) in Europe. Nova Hedwigia 74, 527532.

Miettinen, O., & Spirin, V., & Vlasák, J., & Rivoire, B., Stenroos, S., & Hibbett, D. (2016). Polypores and genus concepts in Phanerochaetaceae (Polyporales, Basidiomycota). MycoKeys 17, 1-46.

Reid, D.A. (1955). New or interesting records of Australasian Basidiomycetes. Kew Bulletin 4, 631648.

Reid DA (1963). New or interesting records of Australasian Basidiomycetes V. Kew Bulletin 17, 267308.

Zmitrovich, I.V., & Malysheva, V.F., & Spirin, W.A. (2006). A new morphological arrangement of the Polyporales I. Phanerochaetineae. Mycena 6, 456.


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