Tremellales » Bulleraceae


Genolevuria Xin Zhan Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, in Liu et al., Studies in Mycology 81: 113 (2015)

Etymology: The genus is named in honour of the French yeast genomics consortium Genolevuresthat produced high-quality yeast genome data.

Diagnosis: Basidiocarps not present. Colonies usually orange-coloured. Pseudohyphae occasionally present. True hyphae not observed. Budding cells present. Ballistoconidia not observed. Fermentation absent. Nitrate not utilised. Starch-like compounds weakly produced or not produced at all. Major CoQ system CoQ-10.

Index Fungorum number: IF813329

Type species: Genolevuria amylolytica (Á. Fonseca, J. Inácio & Spenc.-Mart.) Xin Zhan Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, in Liu et al., Studies in Mycology 81: 113 (2015)

Notes: The species of this genus have orange-coloured colonies (Inácio et al., 2005, Wang et al., 2007, Landell et al., 2009, Liu et al., 2015a), which is not a common characteristic among tremellaceous yeasts (Fonseca et al. 2011).


Genolevuria amylolytica (Á. Fonseca, J. Inácio & Spenc.-Mart.) Xin Zhan Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Genolevuria armeniaca (Á. Fonseca & J. Inácio) Xin Zhan Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015

Genolevuria bromeliarum Landell & P. Valente ex Xin Zhan Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2020

Genolevuria pseudoamylolytica Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai & A.H. Li 2020

Genolevuria tibetensis (F.Y. Bai & Q.M. Wang) Xin Zhan Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout 2015


Figure 1. Phylogenetic relationships of yeasts and related taxa from the order Tremellales in Tremellomycetes obtained by maximum-likelihood analysis of LSU (D1/D2 domains) rRNA gene. Tree topology was backbone-constrained with the well-supported (>85 %) bipartitions of the topology of the seven-genes tree (Liu et al. 2015a). Bootstrap percentages (BP) of maximum likelihood and neighbour-joining analyses from 1 000 replicates are shown respectively from left to right on the deep and major branches resolved and in brackets following recognised clades. The type species of accepted genera are in bold and the taxa not included in the seven-genes dataset (Liu et al. 2015a) are in red. Note: ns, not supported (BP < 50 %).



Fonseca, Á., Boekhout, T., & Fell, J. W. (2011). Cryptococcus vuillemin (1901). In The yeasts (pp. 1661-1737). Elsevier.

Landell, M. F., Inacio, J., Fonseca, A., Vainstein, M. H., & Valente, P. (2009). Cryptococcus bromeliarum sp. nov., an orange-coloured basidiomycetous yeast isolated from bromeliads in Brazil. International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology, 59(4), 910-913.

Liu, X. Z., Wang, Q. M., Theelen, B., Groenewald, M., Bai, F. Y., & Boekhout, T. (2015a). Phylogeny of tremellomycetous yeasts and related dimorphic and filamentous basidiomycetes reconstructed from multiple gene sequence analyses. Studies in mycology, 81, 1-26

Liu X.Z, Wang Q.M, Göker M, Groenewald M, Kachalkin A.V, Lumbsch H.T, Millanes A.M, Wedin M, Yurkov A.M, Boekhout T, Bai F.Y. (2015b). Towards an integrated phylogenetic classification of the Tremellomycetes. Studies in Mycology. 81:85-147

Inácio, J., Portugal, L., Spencer-Martins, I., & Fonseca, Á. (2005). Phylloplane yeasts from Portugal: seven novel anamorphic species in the Tremellales lineage of the Hymenomycetes (Basidiomycota) producing orange-coloured colonies. FEMS yeast research, 5(12), 1167-1183.

Wang, Q. M., Wang, S. A., Jia, J. H., & Bai, F. Y. (2007). Cryptococcus tibetensis sp. nov., a novel basidiomycetous anamorphic yeast species isolated from plant leaves. The Journal of general and applied microbiology, 53(5), 281-285.


About Basidiomycota

The webpage Basidiomycota provides an up-to-date classification and account of all genera of the phylum Basidiomycota.


Supported by 

Thailand Science Research and Innovation (TSRI)

project entitled:

"Macrofungi diversity research from the Lancang-Mekong Watershed and surrounding areas"

(Grant No. DBG6280009)


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