Agaricales » Pluteaceae


Volvopluteus Vizzini, Contu & Justo, in Justo et al. Fungal Biology 115(1): 15 (2011)

Etymology: A genero Pluteo differt basidiosporis saepe elongatis et conspicue crassotunicatis, epicute pilei gelatinosa, volva conspicua et structura molecularis.

Basidiocarps pluteoid with universal veil remnants present as a volva at stipe base. Pileus conical to plano-convex, viscid. Lamellae free, whitish when young, later pink or pinkish brown. Stipe central, cylindrical, usually wider towards the base. Volva membranous, saccate, white. Spore print pink or pinkish brown.

Basidiospores ellipsoid to oblong, thick walled (up to 1 1.5 µm), smooth, without germ pore, inamyloid, non-dextrinoid, cyanophilus, with guttular content, average length over 11 µm. Basidia commonly 4-spored, but 2-spored and 1-spored basidia also occur. Pleurocystidia present or absent, thinwalled. Cheilocystidia present or absent, thin-walled. Hymenophoral trama inverse. Pileipellis an ixocutis composed of relatively thin, cylindrical hyphae, 2 10 (15) µm wide, embedded in a thick (100 450 µm) gelatinous matrix. Stipitipellis a cutis, composed of cylindrical hyphae 5 15 µm wide. Caulocystidia present, as cylindrical septate hairs, or absent. Universal veil composed of densely interwoven cylindrical hyphae. Clamp-connections absent.

Index Fungorum number: IF518591

Type species: Volvopluteus gloiocephalus (DC.) Vizzini, Contu & Justo, in Justo et al. Fungal Biology 115(1): 15 (2011)

Habitat saprotrophic, terrestrial, in gardens, grassy fields, in or outside forests, on accumulations of vegetable matter (compost, wood chips).

Distribution widespread. Volvopluteus gloiocephalus has been reported from all continents except Antarctica, and molecular data confirms that this species occurs, at least, in Europe and California (Justo et al. 2010).


Volvopluteus asiaticus Justo & Minnis 2011

Volvopluteus diversisporus M. Kaur & Yadw. Singh 2014

Volvopluteus earlei (Murrill) Vizzini, Contu & Justo 2011

Volvopluteus earlei f. earlei (Murrill) Vizzini, Contu & Justo 2011

Volvopluteus gloiocephalus (DC.) Vizzini, Contu & Justo 2011

Volvopluteus gloiocephalus f. gloiocephalus (DC.) Vizzini, Contu & Justo 2011

Volvopluteus gloiocephalus var. gloiocephalus (DC.) Vizzini, Contu & Justo 2011

Volvopluteus michiganensis (A.H. Sm.) Justo & Minnis 2011

Volvopluteus shafferii M. Kaur & Yadw. Singh 2014



Justo, A.; Minnis, A.M.; Menolli Jr., N.; Capelari, M.; Rodríguez, O.; Malysheva, E.; Hibbett, D.S. 2011. Phylogeny of the Pluteaceae (Agaricales, Basidiomycota): taxonomy and character evolution. Fungal Biology. 115(1):1-20

Justo A, Minnis AM, Ghignone S, MenolliNJr, Capelari M, Rodríguez O, Malysheva E, Contu M, Vizzini A, 2010. Species recognition in Pluteus and Volvopluteus (Pluteaceae, Agaricales): morphology, geography and phylogeny. Mycological Progress, doi:10.1007/s11557-010-0716-z.


About Basidiomycota

The webpage Basidiomycota provides an up-to-date classification and account of all genera of the phylum Basidiomycota.


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project entitled:

"Macrofungi diversity research from the Lancang-Mekong Watershed and surrounding areas"

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